1. Right to information act gives the power to every citizen of India to seek for the information regarding any government body or work.
  2. It has been added through article 19(1)(a) of the Indian constitution which talks about the right to speech and expression.
  3. RTI act comes into force in 2005, after repealing the freedom of information act 2002.
  4. It come into force to mandates timely response to citizens requesting for information regarding any government body.
  5. RTI act bounds the government bodies to provide information to the general public when asked.
  6. RTI act provides citizens a secure access to information, which are under the control of public authorities, and promotes transparency and accountability by stablishing CIC & SIC.
  7. A citizen can ask for any information regarding the working of any government body however there are some exemptions from the disclosure of information.
  8. Disclosure of information under the RTI act 2005“Section 2(f) defines “information” as any material in any form, including records, memos, documents, , e-mails, opinions, press releases ,advices, circulars, contracts, orders, logbooks, reports, papers, samples, models, data material held in any electronic form and information relating to any private body which can be accessed by a public authority under any other law for the time being in force
  1. Non-disclosure of information under the RTI act 2005Section 8(1)(a) of the Right to Information Act says that the information when disclosed can affect the sovereignty and the integrity of India, the security, scientific or economic interest, strategy of the state and its relation with the foreign country or which leads to any offence is prohibited and can’t be disclosed. Protecting the sovereignty is the main purpose of the constitution, the information which will affect the sovereignty and the dignity of the Indian, should be kept secret as if it will be disclose can cause a lot of harm to the country.
  • In the case of Dinesh Trevedi vs Union of India, it has been observed every citizen of India has right to know the government’s activities, but these rights are not absolute and it can be limited in exceptional circumstances. It has also been observed when the disclosure of information/documents are vital for the public interest, but it is contradict to the security of the state then the information  need not to be disclosed.

  •  Reference was made to the Hon’ble Supreme Court decision in Khanapuram Gandaiah v. Administrative Officer and Ors.

  • Dr. Celsa Pinto, Ex-Officio Joint Secretary (School Education) v. The Goa State Information.

  • I.L. Kanaujia Vs. Respondent: CPIO, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University
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